Repeated studies by scientists and educators conclude that there are 4 main study orientations that can affect a person’s will and ability to study.
Most academically weak students often display the characteristics shown in ‘shallow‘ and ‘social‘ where they often study for the sake of studying.
Students who are motivated and genuinely interested in learning fall in the ‘deep‘ orientation and with study skill from ‘performance‘ orientation – will find themselves soaring.
A majority of students typically re-read assignments and notes as their number one go-to strategy. Yet, is this method effective? Studies have shown that repetitive recycling of information is not an especially good way to learn or create more permanent memories. In fact, when they re-read a textbook chapter -they have absolutely no improvement in learning over those who just read it once.
So why do students still do it? What is the solution? Is rereading all that bad?
What study techniques work? This is an old-age question that most students have been asking themselves for thousands of years to study and advance to the next level.
Professor John Dunlosky of Kent State University and a team of psychological scientists reviewed the scientific evidence for 10 learning techniques commonly used by students and evaluated more than 700 studies covering students of all ages and found some techniques that do not work as well as others. These common techniques range from highlighting to drill practice. Once the article was posted, most organisations were quick to pick it up and repost these articles.
Yet I believe that the article may be incorrect.
No one should use stand-alone study techniques and hope for the best. One should always complement 2 study-techniques to synergise the effects of studying.
I will be sharing how these study techniques can help to increase your comprehension of the material when complemented together.
For the first post, we will start with highlighting.
by Jimmy Ling
Have you looked through your child’s exam papers? How do you review your child’s exam paper? Regardless of how your child did for the paper, there will surely be a few things to take note of to ensure better results next time.
I will share a few useful tips on how you can review your child’s paper for better results next time. My tutors and I use this to review all my students’ papers to make sure they don’t repeat the same mistakes, and improve on the key areas.
1. Spot for Mistakes Which Can be Corrected Immediately
There are many kind of mistakes. Some are due to carelessness. Some are due to misunderstanding of questions. Some are due to poor understanding of key concepts.
For a start, focus on those mistakes which can be corrected immediately. These are mistakes usually found in paper 1 and shorter problem sums. For example, your child can understand the concepts, but due to carelessness or mistakes in the calculations, your child lost precious marks. You will be surprised at how much your child will improve when he corrects these mistakes.
2. Focus on Concepts which your child is not clear on
For each chapter, there are a few key concepts which your child must know. If you spot mistakes in your child’s paper which shows lack of understanding in these concepts, it’s time he corrects them. If he doesn’t correct them, he will probably lose marks again in the next paper, because these key concepts will usually be tested again.
For example, for fractions, most students don’t understand the phrase “… of the remainder”. Try to explain using model or tree diagram. This will help your child to see where the remainder is. Make a note beside the mistake and don’t throw the paper away. Make sure your child go through the mistakes again before the next exam. This will help in his revision.
3. Give More Practice on those Concepts
After you have explained those concepts, you need to make sure your child can apply them. Give him some exam papers and ask him to spot questions which use the same concepts.
If he has problems spotting, you can help him by dropping hints. Then ask him to do those questions and make sure they are correct.
Once your child is able to spot which questions are testing the same concepts, and is able to solve them all correctly, you can move on to revise other concepts that he is weak in.
4. Go Through the Methods your Child used in the Problem Sums
Which method did your child use when he solved the problem sum? Did he use it correctly? Ask him why he used this method. This will help him to identify the correct method when he encounters similar questions next time.
Most importantly, go through with your child on how to apply the method correctly. If he used model drawing, did he draw them correctly? If not, go through with him on how to draw and label the model. Make sure he do his corrections correctly.
5. Improve on the Presentation
Presentation is very, very important. Did your child show all the workings clearly? All top scoring Math students have a good habit of writing clear statements.
For example: Instead of writing “6 / 2 = 3″, they will write “Number of groups of shirts = 6 / 2 = 3″. Writing clear statements make their workings easy to mark, and most importantly, helps your child to understand his own working better.
I have met many students who didn’t even understand their own working when I asked them why they wrote a certain working or step during their exams. So checking on your child’s presentation and improving them (even though they got the answer correct), will go a long way in improving your child’s marks in the future.