Do you know that a research in 1984 found that parents of gifted children tend to do similar things in order to nurture the child’s intelligence? Their parenting styles differ significantly from parents of children with average or above-average intelligence. Karnes, Shwedel, and Steinberg (1984) compared two groups of middle- to upper-middle-class parents: parents of ten gifted preschoolers and those of ten average or above-average preschoolers, as measured by IQ.
*Note that some may argue that this may not be a fair trial as there were only 20 families involved instead of the usual sample size of at least 100. Their findings did throw up interesting insights.
In order to ensure that the trial was fair, they selected families similar incomes and a similar distribution of occupations among the fathers. Five of the mothers of the gifted children worked full-time, compared to only one of the other mothers. All the parents were interviewed individually. The aim of the study was to determine if there were meaningful differences in “attitudes, values, and behaviours” between the two groups of parents through the respective parenting styles.