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In 2006, a research was conducted by Harvest Centre for Research , Training and Development and Coalition Against Bullying for Children and Youth. More than 4000 students aged 7 to 16 were interviewed via online and pen and paper. To ensure that the surveys conducted were fair, they included students from all four areas of Singapore as well as student care centres.

The online version was PRAQ (Peer Relations Assessment Form). It was a short questionnaire which could be completed in less than 20 minutes and it focused on the following:

  • the nature and extent to which bullying occurred in a school
  • how children have reacted to bullying at school
  • consequences of victims’ feelings of safety, attendance and well-being
  • informing others and outcomes
  • students’ perceptions of teachers’ concern about bullying at school

As all questionnaires were anonymous, the children were very honest in answering their questions.

The physical version was DINO-Map. It consisted a single A4-sized worksheet with pictures and only a few words on it. It was specifically designed with the self-esteem and feelings of target/victim in mind. The first page was for children to identify the types of bullying behaviour that occurred while the second page was a map to indicate where the bullying took place.

The results were stunning indeed. Although this study took place in 2006 and cyberbullying was not widespread as now, it gave extremely valuable insights on the reasons why our bullied children felt and not speaking up. For the next few posts, we will be looking at the results of the surveys.

  1. Where has bullying happened
  2. The types of bullying reported
  3. How victims or bystanders feel about bullying
  4. Whether they skipped school because of bullying
  5. Who the victims tell about their bullying encounter
  6. Whether things generally improved about reporting
  7. What victims think of teachers’ interest in solving their problems


Source: Breaking the Silence – Bullying in Singapore / Edited by Esther Ng and Ken Rigby